Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lies
Sir Walter Raleigh was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer [and] in 1584, he was given permission to establish the colony of Roanoke, the first English settlement in the New World. Following this he travelled South, to the Amazon river, where, just for fun, he reported that he’d witnessed tribes of Amazonian women, an entirely female nation of warriors who disposed of male children and cut off their right breasts in order to shoot bows and spears better, which fellow explorer Francisco de Orellana, had previously lied about encountering.
Not quite satisfied with one lie, however, Raleigh proceeded to ‘invent
' his own creatures to get the folks at home super excited about the strange and magical place he hoped to get lots of funding to visit over and over again. He called them the Ewaipanoma and described them as having “eyes in their shoulders, and their mouths in the middle of their breasts, and that a long train of hair groweth backward between their shoulders.” [image above] [Adapted from this
An interesting article about Raleigh and his quest for El Dorado can also be found here