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The Oddment Emporium

A Cornucopia of Eclectic Delights

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Physiognomy with Charles Le Brun

Charles Le Brun was a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV ”the greatest French artist of all time”, he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art. He also established a correlation between the human face and that of the animal whose spirit characterises a particular emotion.

The goal of physiognomy is to judge character according to features of the face. Le Brun studied the lines linking different points of the head in a complex geometry which revealed the faculties of the spirit or character. Thus, the angle formed by the axis of the eyes and the eyesbrows could lead to various conclusions, depending upon whether or not this angle rose toward the forehead to join the soul or descented toward the nose and mouth, which were considered to be animal  features. Here are some of the many drawings by Charles Le Brun which concern the correlation between the human face and that of the animal.

Image one, for instance, shows the relationship between human features and that of a camel.

[Images Source]

(Source: charleslebrun.com)

A self caricature of Branwell Brontë, the brother of authors Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë, in bed waiting to die. 1847.
He was an alcoholic and was thought to be addicted to laudanum. His behaviour became irrational and dangerous as he developed delirium tremens. Charlotte’s letters from this time demonstrate that she was angered by his behaviour, but that her father was patient with his broken son. Although it was at this time that his sisters’ first novels were being accepted for publication, it is not known whether he was even informed. Brontë’s severe addictions masked the onset of tuberculosis, and his family did not realise that he was seriously ill until he collapsed outside the house and a local doctor identified him as being in the disease’s terminal stages. He died shortly thereafter.
EDIT: Ironically, “The brother of the Brontë sisters, Branwell Brontë, died standing up.” [Source: Qi (B Series, episode 4 “Bible”]

A self caricature of Branwell Brontë, the brother of authors Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë, in bed waiting to die. 1847.

He was an alcoholic and was thought to be addicted to laudanum. His behaviour became irrational and dangerous as he developed delirium tremens. Charlotte’s letters from this time demonstrate that she was angered by his behaviour, but that her father was patient with his broken son. Although it was at this time that his sisters’ first novels were being accepted for publication, it is not known whether he was even informed. Brontë’s severe addictions masked the onset of tuberculosis, and his family did not realise that he was seriously ill until he collapsed outside the house and a local doctor identified him as being in the disease’s terminal stages. He died shortly thereafter.

EDIT: Ironically, “The brother of the Brontë sisters, Branwell Brontë, died standing up.” [Source: Qi (B Series, episode 4 “Bible”]

(Source: Wikipedia)